AP Human Geography

AP® Human Geography introduces high school students to college-level introductory human (cultural) geography, as they live in God’s creation and respond to it. Students will examine how changes in population have affected cultures, language, gender roles, rural and urban societies, even the ways we worship God. The content is presented thematically rather than regionally and is organized around the discipline’s main subfields: economic geography, cultural geography, political geography, and urban geography. The approach is spatial and problemoriented. Case studies are drawn from all world regions, with an emphasis on understanding the world in which we live today. Historical information serves to enrich analysis of the impacts of phenomena such as globalization, colonialism, and humanenvironment  relationships on places, regions, cultural landscapes, and patterns of interaction. Students also learn about the methods and tools geographers use in their research and applications. Students examine all of these topics, compare them with biblical truths, and use problem solving and decision-making skills to ask and answer geographic and biblical questions. 

This course is designed to provide a college-level experience and prepare students for the AP® exam. Students must take the AP® Exam in order to receive AP® credit.

Approved by:

  • University of California (UC)
  • College Board
  • NCAA

There are no prerequisite(s) for AP® Human Geography; however, students should be able to read college level texts and write grammatically correct, complete sentences. 

National Geography Standards (2012); College Board CED

Recommended Grade Level(s):
10th -12th

Course Types Available:

• 1 credit – 2 semesters (12 weeks minimum / 12 months maximum)
• ½ credit – 1st semester only (6 weeks minimum / 6 months maximum)
• ½ credit – 2nd semester only (6 weeks minimum / 6 months maximum)
• Placement test available
• No honors available
• No credit recovery available

Creation: God is the Creator of the world and its geography, and is in complete control over the times and affairs of all people. He is eternal and transcendent (Psalm 31:5; 90:2; Isaiah 55:9; Jeremiah 29:11). God exercises control over His creation. He created all humans in His image, giving each value and dignity. Man receives his rights from God. God created Earth and wildlife and put man in charge, with a mandate to exemplify and glorify him by subduing and filling Earth (Genesis 1:27–28).

Fall: Human ills and conflict are the results of man’s choice to rebel against God’s original intent for the world (Isaiah 59:2; Romans 5:12). Man wrongfully subverts his creation mandate, believing he alone holds the ability and authority to coerce, manipulate, or intimidate all of creation to submit to him as he continues to rebel against God. Mankind desires to replace God’s authority with his own will (or plan). As a result, the innate rights of humans are exploited and ignored (Genesis 1:26, 28; 11; Isaiah 14:14). The needs of people around the world are complex and difficult to meet.

Redemption: Man should seek unity, justice, and reconciliation as he is guided by the principles of God’s Word, while seeking the grace of God (Isaiah 1:17; Micah 6:8; Romans 5:8; Ephesians 2:8; 4:32; James 4:6). We can confront the results of the fall by seeking to 1) describe Earth accurately in a way that glorifies God and tells His story; 2) fulfill God’s mandate to conquer and occupy the earth to the best of our ability, with the Bible as a guide for doing that in grace; 3) learn and grow on our Christian journey to be like Christ; 4) help others by seeing them from God’s perspective and seeking to meet their varied and complex needs, using the Bible as our guide; and 5) lead others to Christ according to our calling and the Great Commission. The Holy Spirit instructs us how to interact with our fellow man (Mark 12:30–31; John 17:3; Hebrews 12:14; 1 John 1:3). Believers should see the world as an opportunity to spread God’s Word, rely on God’s power over all earthly power, and be engaged in the process of identifying problems and seeking to resolve them.


Common household items, access to research materials, as well as word processing and presentation software, may be required for the completion of lab activities and/or other assignments. See course for details.