AP® Statistics introduces you to exploring data, sampling and experimentation, anticipating patterns, and determining statistical inference. It also integrates key statistical concepts with biblical teaching and Christian theology. As you work your way through this challenging yet highly engaging course, you’ll plan, conduct studies, anticipate patterns using probabilities and simulations, use statistical inference to analyze data and draw conclusions, and otherwise begin to think about statistics from a distinctly Christian perspective.
*AP® and Advanced Placement® are registered trademarks of the College Board. Used with permission.
Algebra 2. Student will be exposed to a college-level course.
11th or 12th Grade recommended
- National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA®)
- University of California (UC)
Course Types Available:
- 1 Credit – Full course (1 credit, 12 weeks minimum / 12 months maximum)
- ½ Credit – 1st semester only (0.5 credits, 6 weeks minimum / 6 months maximum)
- ½ Credit – 2nd semester only (0.5 credits, 6 weeks minimum / 6 months maximum)
Biblical Integration Information:
1. Creation: The doctrine of creation is nothing less than a boon to mathematical investigation and statistical analysis. Not only does it insist on the orderly and intelligible nature of the universe; it also maintains the distinction between Creator and creation; the creation of human beings in the image of God (Genesis 1:26–27); and the human mandate to subdue the earth on God’s behalf (Genesis 1:28). The latter, the so-called cultural mandate, implies care, stewardship, discovery, and the development of the potential that God has built into creation.
2. Fall: Adam and Eve’s disobedience in the garden results in human sinfulness, judgment, and death (e.g., Genesis 3:14—4:16; Romans 5:12–21). Like any other human phenomena, then, statistical analysis reflects our fallenness in a variety of ways—from perverse curiosity to the errors we commit, even to the dangers of using percentiles to compare ourselves with others.
3. Redemption: Thankfully, God has been in the business of redeeming statistics for millennia. In fact, as many historians have pointed out, modern statistics was very much born out of a theistic and, indeed, Christian milieu. Many of the “greats” throughout the history of statistics, including Galileo and Newton, were not only Christians; they were also inspired by biblical teachings (the doctrine of creation, divine providence, etc.). In this vein, there are many ways in which statistics can help us know God and God’s world better—to say nothing of the many ways in which God’s word can help us know and engage statistics better. For instance, the orderliness that makes associations between variables possible shows not only God’s wisdom in creation (cf. Proverbs 8:22–31) but also his character (cf. 1 Corinthians 14:33). Likewise, confidence levels in inferential statistics give us occasion to reflect on certainty and uncertainty in Christian theology (cf. 1 Corinthians 13:12). Finally, Type I and Type II errors allow us to weigh the eternal consequences of a potentially false theism and a potentially false atheism. Go figure!
Required Purchased Materials:
This course requires use of a graphing calculator with a USB cord and access to Ti Connect Software (free download).