World Geography

World geography is about God’s creation and how people live in and respond to it. In World Geography, students will examine people, places, and environments at local, regional, national, and international scales—all through the lens of God’s truth. How does God see humanity and the geography of the world? God stands outside of time and sees all things from an eternal perspective. While He created all things good, human sin introduced an emptiness that is reflected in all the cultures that this course examines.

Students will examine people, places, and environments involved in events of the past and present, from the spatial and ecological perspectives of geography. A significant portion of the course will focus on the physical processes that shape patterns in the physical environment God created; the characteristics of major land forms, climates, and ecosystems and their interrelationships; the political, economic, and social processes that shape cultural patterns of regions; types and patterns of settlement; the distribution and movement of world population; relationships among God’s people, places, and environments in the past and present; and the concept of region.

Students will analyze how location affects economic activities in different economic systems throughout the world. Students will also identify the processes that influence political divisions of the planet and analyze the different points of view that affect the development of public policies; as well as compare how components of culture shape the characteristics of regions and analyze the impact of technology and human modifications on the physical environment. Students will examine all of these topics, compare them with biblical truths, and use problem-solving and decision-making skills to ask and answer geographic and biblical questions.

Grade Level:
9th – 12th Grade recommended

Approved by:
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA®)

Recommended Prerequisites:

Course Types Available:

  • 1 Credit – Full course (1 credit, 12 weeks minimum / 12 months maximum)
  • ½ Credit – 1st semester only (0.5 credits, 6 weeks minimum / 6 months maximum)
  • ½ Credit – 2nd semester only (0.5 credits, 6 weeks minimum / 6 months maximum)


  • Creation: God is the Creator of the world and its geography, including: land, mountains, forests, oceans, rivers, lakes, and natural resources. God is in complete control over the times and affairs of all people. He is eternal and transcendent (Psalm 31:5; 90:2; Isaiah 55:9; Jeremiah 29:11). God exercises control over His creation. He created all humans in His image, giving each value and dignity. Man receives his rights from God. God created Earth and wildlife and put man in charge, with a mandate to exemplify and glorify him by subduing and filling Earth (Genesis 1:27–28).
  • Fall: Human ills and conflict are the results of man’s choice to rebel against God’s original intent for the world (Isaiah 59:2; Romans 5:12). Man wrongfully subverts his Creation mandate, believing he alone holds the ability and authority to coerce, manipulate, or intimidate all of creation to submit to him as he continues to rebel against God. Mankind desires to replace God’s authority with his own will (or plan). As a result, the innate rights of humans are exploited and ignored (Genesis 1:26, 28; 11; Isaiah 14:14). The needs of people around the world are complex and difficult to meet.
  • Redemption: Man should seek unity, justice, and reconciliation as he is guided by the principles of God’s Word, while seeking the grace of God (Isaiah 1:17; Micah 6:8; Romans 5:8; Ephesians 2:8; 4:32; James 4:6). We can confront the results of the Fall by seeking to 1) describe Earth accurately in a way that glorifies God and tells His story; 2) fulfill God’s mandate to conquer and occupy the earth to the best of our ability, with the Bible as a guide for doing that in grace; 3) learn and grow on our Christian journey to be like Christ; 4) help others by seeing them from God’s perspective and seeking to meet their varied and complex needs, using the Bible as our guide; and 5) lead others to Christ according to our calling and the Great Commission. The Holy Spirit instructs us how to interact with our fellow man (Mark 12:30–31; John 17:3; Hebrews 12:14; 1 John 1:3). Believers should see the world as an opportunity to spread God’s Word, rely on God’s power over all earthly power, and be engaged in the process of identifying problems and seeking to resolve them.

• World atlas